Honey.” “Sweetie.” “Sugar.” They’re all terms of endearment for the people we love. Yet, when it comes time to eat, we feel guilty about serving sweets.
If it seems that children eat a lot of sugar, they do. They slurp it in soft drinks and sweetened fruit drinks and gobble it in yogurts, candy, cookies and commercial smoothies.
But, surprisingly, consumption of added sugars is decreasing for people age 2 and older, according to data published in the September 2011 issue of the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. Why? It’s mainly because we’re drinking less soda. The sugars in energy drinks, however, are increasing.
Why do kids crave sweets?
It’s for the survival of the species! If you nursed a baby, did you ever taste your milk? It is sweet. Mother Nature created baby’s first food to taste wonderful to ensure baby would like it and thrive. Also, naturally occurring sweet foods, such as berries, grapes, apples, plums and other fruit, are rich in nutrients.
Finally, it may be a combination of learned desire for sweets and a genetic predisposition, according to New York City-based dietitian Jessica Fishman Levinson, MS, RD, founder of Nutritioulicious, www.nutritioulicious.com.
“Some studies have shown a genetic predisposition for sweets based on the mother’s diet while the baby is in utero. However, what a child is fed and the food he is exposed to once he is born has a large impact on the flavors he will desire as he gets older.”
Parents know when to limit the obvious sugar sources — candy, cookies and other sweet treats. But there are plenty of so-called healthy items that contain sugar: granola bars, sports drinks, ketchup, salad dressings, cereals, pasta sauce, tomato soup and smoothies.
Here’s a tip on how to determine the amount of sugar in a food or drink. Take the amount of sugar in grams, divide by four, and you have the number of teaspoons of sugar in a serving. Then, be sure to multiply the serving size by the number of servings your child actually consumes.
You may be confused by the amount of sugar listed on a label. For example, it may seem that a cup of milk is high in sugar because it has 12 grams.
“That is the natural sugar found in milk. It’s important to read the ingredients on food packages to see whether there is added sugar in the food,” Levinson says.
It’s not uncommon to have one child in a family with a sweet tooth and another without. How to handle the one with the sweet tooth? Try fruit.
“Fruit is a naturally sweet food and most children don’t get enough servings of fruit per day, so it’s a great option when kids want a sweet snack,” recommends Levinson, whose new recipe book for children is “We Can Cook.”
But for those whose day simply isn’t complete without a sweet treat?
“There is nothing wrong with children having sweetened foods like cookies or cake in moderation. The key is watching how much a child is having and limiting the ‘treats’ to a small portion no more than once a day,” she says.
Finally, a little honey or real maple syrup can offer sweetness with a bit of nutrition. Both have small amounts of naturally occurring antioxidants. In fact, a study reported at the 2011 American Chemical Society meeting found polyphenols in maple syrup.
Keep in mind that any sugar should be brushed away (or rinsed if a toothbrush is not available) to reduce risk of caries.
Apple pie, apple crisp, apple tart — all these desserts are delicious, but they are definitely special-occasion treats. Not so with baked apples, which still have the same warm, delicious flavors, and are a great way to fit a fruit serving into your child’s daily intake.
Makes four servings
4 cooking apples
2 tbsp brown sugar
½ tsp cinnamon
½ cup water
1 tbsp maple syrup
DIRECTIONS: Preheat the oven to 350 degrees. Peel the top of the apples, and show your child how to core them using an apple corer (or use a paring knife to remove the stem area, and use a spoon to remove the rest of the core). Make sure to leave the bottom intact.
Have your child rub the lemon on the tops of the apples where they were peeled. She can also squeeze some juice in the core area that is now empty.
In a small bowl, she can then combine the brown sugar and cinnamon, and spoon equal amounts of the mixture into each of the apples.
Pour water into the baking pan and place the apples in the pan. Let your child drizzle the syrup over all of the apples.
Cover with aluminum foil and bake for about 50 minutes.
NUTRITION FACTS: 120 calories; 33 grams carbohydrate; 0 protein, fat, cholesterol and sodium; 26 grams sugars (10 grams are added sugars); 5 grams dietary fiber; 6 milligrams vitamin C.
Recipe and image reproduced with permission from “We Can Cook” (Elwin Street Productions).
Christine M. Palumbo, RD, is a dietitian in Naperville, IL, and a mother of three. She in on the faculty at Benedictine University. Follow her on Twitter at @PalumboRD. She can be reached at [email protected].