Symptons of possible vision problems

The College of Optometrists in Vision Development designed the following chart for parents and teachers:

Symptoms of possible vision problems

• Complains of blurred vision

• Rubs eyes frequently

• Squints

Nearsightedness, farsightedness, or astigmatism (inability to see clearly in the distance or up close)

• Closes or covers one eye

• Occasionally sees double

• Able to read for only a short time

• Poor reading comprehension

Eye coordination problems (inability to coordinate the eyes together effectively)

• Holds things very close

• Complains of blurred vision

• Poor reading comprehension

• Says eyes are tired

• Able to read for only a short time

• Has headaches when reading

Eye focusing problems (inability to easily refocus eyes or maintain clear focus)

• Moves head excessively when reading

• Frequently loses place and/or skips lines when reading

• Uses finger to keep place

• Poor reading comprehension

• Short attention span

Eye tracking problems (inadequate ability to smoothly and accurately move the eyes from one point to another)

• Mistakes words with similar beginnings

• Difficulty recognizing letters, words, or simple shapes and forms

• Can’t distinguish the main idea from insignificant details

• Trouble learning basic math concepts of size, magnitude, and position

Faulty visual form perception (inability to discriminate differences in size, shape, or form)

• Trouble visualizing what is read

• Poor reading comprehension

• Poor speller

• Trouble with mathematical concepts

• Poor recall of visually presented material

Faulty visual memory (inability to remember and understand what is seen)

• Sloppy handwriting and drawing

• Can’t stay on lines

• Poor copying skills

• Can respond orally but not in writing

Faulty visual motor integration (inability to process and reproduce visual images by writing or drawing)

• Trouble learning right and left

• Reverses letters and words

• Trouble writing and remembering letters and numbers

Difficulty with laterality and directionality (poor development of left/right awareness)

Visual perceptual skills which include visual form testing, visual memory, visual motor integration, and laterality/directionality are performed based on the individual’s needs.