Sorting Through The World Of Adoption

There’s no doubt that
adopting a child who’s desperately in need of a loving home can be one of the
most rewarding experiences in life. If you’re just starting to think about adoption,
you may imagine adopting a certain kind of child and are leaning toward one
particular way of adopting, or you may feel that the process and decisions can
feel a bit daunting, with many questions to think about. There’s no right or wrong
way to adopt, as the decision is as individual and unique to each family as the
actual adopted child who’s brought home. —

GETTING STARTED

Cory Barron, outreach
director for Child Hope International,
an international adoption agency, suggests some tips to help prospective
parents get acquainted with the adoption process and begin to consider their
options.

1.
Ask friends, family and co-workers for recommendations and feedback
.

According to The Adoption Institute’s
Public Opinion Benchmark survey, 58% of Americans know someone who has adopted
a child, has relinquished a child for adoption or is an adoptee. Ask around for
advice and talk to others about their experiences.

2.
Attend an agency informational meeting, schedule a consultation with an attorney
or join a parent support group
.

Adoption agencies offer meetings
where prospective adoptive parents can meet with others who have adopted,
receive information and application packets, learn how the process works, and
generally ask questions. To find an attorney who specializes in adoption, you
may want to find one who’s accredited by the American Academy of Adoption Attorneys.

3. Ask for a list of itemized charges and a financial timeline.

Non-profit agencies, for-profit agencies and adoption
attorneys all work differently. Some charge fees up front; others only for
certain services rendered. Through the state, there are certain subsidies that
can help you with adoption, and you may be able to take a tax credit for
qualifying expenses. Some employers have employee adoption benefits as well. Either
way, try to set a budget.

4. Ensure that agencies are licensed and accredited by
the Council on Accreditation (
COA)
for the countries from which you may be interested in adopting.

Ask for reference families, who you can talk to about the
agency or attorney’s ethical standards. For international adoptions, look for
agencies that are Hague accredited; meaning that they meet the standards of The Hague Convention on Intercountry Adoption, which
protects orphans from child trafficking.

5. Be aware that you will have to open up
emotionally.

Susan Watson, Director
of National and Community Partnerships at the adoption agency, Spence
Chapin
, says that parents should be prepared that adoption can be an
emotional roller coaster, particularly for couples who have infertility
problems and have already been experiencing hope and then disappointment. “In
many ways, the adoption process can mimic the infertility process,” she says,
such as in cases where birthparents change their mind. “Sometimes families go
through a number of possibilities before their baby actually comes home.”

WAYS TO ADOPT

While the world of adoption has certainly gained more public
awareness and visibility, partly due to the adoption of children by many
celebrities, there is still a lot of misunderstanding in our society, according
to Watson. “People really are stuck on ideas about adoption from 30 years ago,
or all they know about adoption is what they’ve learned from Angelina Jolie,”
she says.

Whether you decide
to adopt domestically, internationally, through an agency or independently
through an attorney, keep in mind that each way involves a different level of
openness and a different level of control over which a family can execute the
process.

Domestic Adoptions

In the past, secrecy about adoption was prevalent, and with
adoption records sealed, many birthparents wondered about the babies they
relinquished. Adoptees either were not told about their adoptions, or they
could not find information about them. But with the general opening up of
society and acceptance of unplanned pregnancies and many kinds of families,
Watson suggests that birthmothers don’t feel the same need to stay in the
shadows.

Today, in domestic adoptions, birthparents are playing an
active role in choosing the adoptive family for their child, and many are
staying in touch. “We do think that this takes the mystery out of adoption for
adoptees. As they grow up, they don’t have to be wondering about some fantasy parent
out there,” says Watson. “It answers questions for everybody.”

This involvement with the birthmother sometimes surprises
people, as there are misconceptions that birthmothers are uncaring,
irresponsible people who don’t care about their babies. Watson points out that
the opposite is actually the case. “These are women who are old enough to
really have a sense of what it means to have a baby and parent the baby,” she
says, adding that most birthmothers are in their mid-twenties, not teenagers,
as some people mistakenly believe. “They want to find a way to provide this
baby with the opportunities and resources that they couldn’t provide. For
whatever reason, they’re not prepared to parent their baby at this particular
time. It’s a thoughtful and loving decision to make.”

If you’re looking for a newborn, domestic adoption offers
the best opportunity. The child is usually placed right after birth, usually
from a day old up until a couple of months old, whereas in international
adoption, the process can happen a bit later, as the baby is first open to be
placed in its extended birth family, or the country’s domestic adoption system.
There are also more opportunities to help the children stay in touch with
extended genetic family – culturally in the U.S.,
due to the open adoption process.

There is a period of time in which a birthmother can change
her mind, though it doesn’t happen very often, as birthmothers go through
extensive counseling beforehand to make sure she’s certain. In
New
York
State,
if working with an agency, a birthmother has 30 days after she signs her
surrender documents where she can ask that her surrender be rescinded. Babies
are placed very soon after those documents are signed. If she were working with
an attorney to facilitate the adoption, she would have 45 days to change her
mind.

Ultimately, there are
good options to adopt domestically and in the
New
York
area, but the variables are a
bit unpredictable. Families should be open to differences and risks. If parents
have specific ideas of the kind of baby they want, they might wait a long time.

International Adoptions

In other countries, parental rights are given up the minute
the birth mother relinquishes the baby, and in most cases, little is known
about the birth family. “Probably the number one reason that people come to
adopt internationally is the finality of the process,” says Barron. “Our
families know with certainty when they bring their new child home after
finalizing the adoption in the country, that it’s done, that the new baby is
secure in their arms.”

The finality of the
process is what helped sway an Upper West Side couple,
Ingrid and Cory Flinn, to adopt internationally. Through the Wide Horizons for Children, Inc. in Oyster Bay,
Long Island, the couple considered and applied to four different countries
before ultimately adopting their son, Tristan from the Ukraine, as countries
like China and Guatemala either had qualifying restrictions for parents, or
closed off their program to the U.S. during the time the couple had applied. So
international adoptions are also not completely predictable. Agencies such as
Spence Chapin are also involved with helping international adoptees re-connect
with their birth family.

Another factor for international adoption is a special
calling to adopt and help orphans around the world who are living in poor
conditions and really need a home. Michael and Linda Harris of The Bronx were
initially considering domestic adoption, but after reading a New York Times
article about the large number of Ethiopian children expected to die that year,
the couple consulted with doctors and ultimately decided that they’d like to
adopt. After traveling to Ethiopia,
they adopted an abandoned six-month-old boy and a 12-month-old girl.

Grieving for birth parents and the birth country is part of
the adjustment process for international children when they are brought in to a
new culture. This can also include assimilating into the English language,
missing certain cultural foods and friends in the orphanage, and speech and
developmental delays. This was the case for the Harris’ little girl from Ethiopia,
but ultimately after early childhood linguistics classes, she learned very
quickly and enrolled in the gifted and talented program in her pre kindergarten
class.

It’s important to have medical records read by pediatricians
specializing in international adoption, as medical practices, lab tests and
even terminology mean different things in different countries. Pediatricians
accredited with the American Academy of
Pediatrics
have a lot of experience with this, and post adoption services
at many adoption agencies can assist with counseling as well.

Families are encouraged to embrace the child’s heritage as
much as possible, which includes displaying items from the country in the home,
making plans to travel to the child’s native country when they are older and
attending parent support groups and heritage events. For the Harris family,
Ethiopian babysitters were hired to help take care of their children and
preserve their language. Heritage events like FRUA
(Families for Russian And Ukrainian Adoptions) also foster connections and
friendships.

Independent Adoptions
(Domestic)

The main appeal of independent adoption is that searching
for a baby to adopt is within a family’s own personal control. And once the
court approves the prospective parents, the process involves putting out print
ads in newspapers, and Internet ads on sites such as adoption.com. Most newspapers require a
letter from an attorney stating that the parents have met the requirements and
are able to do a private adoption from that state, but not every state allows
private adoptions.

In independent
adoption, families have control over searching for the baby themselves, and
doing this on a national scale, while many agencies tend to be localized. Also,
parents don’t have to wait until they are matched or a birthmother picks them.
Independent adoption could be a great option if families do have a particular
kind of child in mind.

The prospect of putting themselves out there through
advertising can be uncomfortable for some people, though 800 numbers can be set
up. Tim Jenkins, an adoptive father from Long Island
City, says that the state has
regulated independent adoptions a great deal. “It protects the children from
the black market,” he says. As far as birthmother contracts and money issues
go, let the attorney work out the sticky situations to make sure the
birthmother is legitimate.

PSYCHOLOGICAL EFFECTS

Adoptive families, just like any other family, can have
their own set of issues. But David Brodzinsky, clinical psychologist and author
of Being
Adopted, The Lifelong Search for Self
points out that one needs to
distinguish between what is an adoptive issue and what’s not, as many problems
such as prenatal exposure to drugs and alcohol or development issues, for
instance, were problems before the adoption actually took place.

The child starts the grieving process for his/her
birthparents and wonders about the reasons he or she was given up.

“There’s emotional pain – no matter what the reason,” says
Maxine Rosenberg, a psychotherapist specializing in adoption in the
West Village.
She adds that the grieving process usually begins at age six or seven when the
child begins to conceptualize what adoption means. “The fear of abandonment and
separation anxiety is tremendous,” she says. “There’s always this fear of, ‘Am
I going to be given up again?’’’
Rosenberg
recommends that parents start using the word “adoption” from day one. “At least
the word ‘adoption’ is said in a positive way; so that if the child is at
school or the playground and someone says it, it’s not a word to come home
crying about.”

Children may feel confused about whom to
identify with – the birthparents or adoptive parents – especially in their teen
years.

Parents need to recognize that there are parts of an adoptive
child’s identity that remains incomplete. Brodzinsky recommends that open
communication be in place within the family so parents can hear what’s going on
and normalize the child’s feelings of sadness or anger. Let children know that
there are no “right” or “wrong” feelings. And embracing the child’s culture or
helping the child learn more about his or her birthparents can help this
process.

In older children, especially those who
have been in foster care, there may be anger, mistrust and abandonment issues.

If the child has been abused, Rosenberg
recommends that parents take him or her to therapy as soon as possible.
Brodzinsky also advises that parents need to know that it takes time for children
to learn to trust their adoptive parents. Ongoing education, and adoptive
parent support groups, is a great way to stay abreast on the issues. The vast
majority of older kids do very well, and adoption has shown to be a very
important protective factor, especially against homelessness.

The child develops attachment issues.

Attachment problems are more common in families who have
adopted older children or in international adoptions. Generally, the more
information parents have about the child’s birth family, the easier it is for families
to manage the issues. “A lot of parents withhold information that they have
unnecessarily. They think the child is too young and will overreact,” says
Brodzinsky. Another misconception, he says, is that sharing the information
fairly early is getting it over and done with; that it fulfills the
responsibility. The telling process should be an ongoing affair.

The parent develops attachment issues.

Jacqueline Simon, a psychologist specializing in adoption and
posttraumatic stress disorder, points out that adoption can be an
anxiety-provoking process, especially for parents who were hopeful to have a
biological child. Parents need to think about how adoption fits into the idea
of what they wanted, and acknowledge and embrace the needs of the individual
adopted child. Joining support groups for adoptive parents and children helps
families to see that they’re not alone in the process. Watson thinks there’s a
misconception that attachment is connected to a genetic, biological relationship.
Adoptive parents can take comfort in knowing that it’s actually the care-taking
that makes attachment happen.

ADOPTING OLDER CHILDREN FROM FOSTER CARE

The latest AFCARS report
stated in 2010 that 107,000 foster children were waiting to be adopted or put
into permanent homes.

Pat
O’Brien, the director and founder of You
Gotta Believe
, a non-profit corporation and homelessness prevention program
says that older kids have a powerful understanding that the people they are
placed with actually make a major difference in their lives. “It’s something
that has its rewards, if you’re committed to hanging in there with the kids through
their adolescence,” he says.

A 10-week course, available at twelve different locations in
the
New York
area, introduces parents to the process of older child adoption, where parents
will hear from teens and parents and talk about many issues. Prospective
parents can visit the state’s website for kids who are waiting. Then a meeting with the child’s social worker
is arranged after the prospective family gets licensed by an authorization,
such as a New York State-approved agency like You Gotta Believe.

Visit yougottabelieve.org
to sign up for a weekly orientation in your area or visit
http://www.ocfs.state.ny.us/adopt to see how to adopt a New
York waiting child.

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font-variant-numeric: normal; font-variant-east-asian: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 11px; line-height: normal; font-family: Helvetica; min-height: 13px;"> </p> <p class="p2" style="margin: 0px; font-variant-numeric: normal; font-variant-east-asian: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 11px; line-height: normal; font-family: Helvetica;"><span style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: 'trebuchet ms', geneva, sans-serif;"><strong>CULTURAL ELEMENTS<span class="Apple-converted-space"> </span></strong></span></p> <p class="p2" style="margin: 0px; font-variant-numeric: normal; font-variant-east-asian: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 11px; line-height: normal; font-family: Helvetica; padding-left: 40px;"><span style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: 'trebuchet ms', geneva, sans-serif;">• Chinese culture<span class="Apple-converted-space"> </span></span></p> <p class="p2" style="margin: 0px; font-variant-numeric: normal; font-variant-east-asian: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 11px; line-height: normal; font-family: Helvetica; padding-left: 40px;"><span style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: 'trebuchet ms', geneva, sans-serif;">• Natural wonders<span class="Apple-converted-space"> </span></span></p> <p class="p2" style="margin: 0px; font-variant-numeric: normal; font-variant-east-asian: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 11px; line-height: normal; font-family: Helvetica; padding-left: 40px;"><span style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: 'trebuchet ms', geneva, sans-serif;">• Famous sights<span class="Apple-converted-space"> </span></span></p> <p class="p2" style="margin: 0px; font-variant-numeric: normal; font-variant-east-asian: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 11px; line-height: normal; font-family: Helvetica; padding-left: 40px;"><span style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: 'trebuchet ms', geneva, sans-serif;">• Festivals & traditions<span class="Apple-converted-space"> </span></span></p> <p class="p2" style="margin: 0px; font-variant-numeric: normal; font-variant-east-asian: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 11px; line-height: normal; font-family: Helvetica; padding-left: 40px;"><span style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: 'trebuchet ms', geneva, sans-serif;">• Classic literature, opera & art<span class="Apple-converted-space"> </span></span></p> <p class="p4" style="margin: 0px; font-variant-numeric: normal; font-variant-east-asian: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 11px; line-height: normal; font-family: Helvetica; min-height: 13px;"> </p> <p class="p2" style="margin: 0px; font-variant-numeric: normal; font-variant-east-asian: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 11px; line-height: normal; font-family: Helvetica;"><span style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: 'trebuchet ms', geneva, sans-serif;"><strong>HEATED DISCUSSIONS<span class="Apple-converted-space"> </span></strong></span></p> <p class="p2" style="margin: 0px; font-variant-numeric: normal; font-variant-east-asian: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 11px; line-height: normal; font-family: Helvetica; padding-left: 40px;"><span style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: 'trebuchet ms', geneva, sans-serif;">• Discovering interesting topics<span class="Apple-converted-space"> </span></span></p> <p class="p2" style="margin: 0px; font-variant-numeric: normal; font-variant-east-asian: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 11px; line-height: normal; font-family: Helvetica; padding-left: 40px;"><span style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: 'trebuchet ms', geneva, sans-serif;">• Discussing global topics<span class="Apple-converted-space"> </span></span></p> <p class="p2" style="margin: 0px; font-variant-numeric: normal; font-variant-east-asian: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 11px; line-height: normal; font-family: Helvetica; padding-left: 40px;"><span style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: 'trebuchet ms', geneva, sans-serif;">• Social phenomena<span class="Apple-converted-space"> </span></span></p> <p class="p2" style="margin: 0px; font-variant-numeric: normal; font-variant-east-asian: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 11px; line-height: normal; font-family: Helvetica; padding-left: 40px;"><span style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: 'trebuchet ms', geneva, sans-serif;">• Cultural differences<span class="Apple-converted-space"> </span></span></p> <p class="p2" style="margin: 0px; font-variant-numeric: normal; font-variant-east-asian: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 11px; line-height: normal; font-family: Helvetica;"> </p> <p class="p2" style="margin: 0px; font-variant-numeric: normal; font-variant-east-asian: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 11px; line-height: normal; font-family: Helvetica;"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: 'trebuchet ms', geneva, sans-serif;"><strong><span class="Apple-converted-space">How</span></strong><span class="Apple-converted-space"> <strong>much? </strong></span></span></p> <p class="p2" style="margin: 0px; font-variant-numeric: normal; font-variant-east-asian: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 11px; line-height: normal; font-family: Helvetica;"><span class="Apple-converted-space" style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: 'trebuchet ms', geneva, sans-serif;">The price starts at $24.</span></p> <p class="p2" style="margin: 0px; font-variant-numeric: normal; font-variant-east-asian: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 11px; line-height: normal; font-family: Helvetica;"> </p> <p class="p1" style="margin: 0px; font-variant-numeric: normal; font-variant-east-asian: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 11px; line-height: normal; font-family: Helvetica;"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: 'trebuchet ms', geneva, sans-serif;"><strong>When?<span class="Apple-converted-space"> </span></strong></span></p> <p class="p1" style="margin: 0px; font-variant-numeric: normal; font-variant-east-asian: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 11px; line-height: normal; font-family: Helvetica;"><span style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: 'trebuchet ms', geneva, sans-serif;">The schedule depends on your availability as the course is fully customized.<span class="Apple-converted-space"> </span></span></p> <p class="p1" style="margin: 0px; font-variant-numeric: normal; font-variant-east-asian: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 11px; line-height: normal; font-family: Helvetica;"> </p> <p class="p1" style="margin: 0px; font-variant-numeric: normal; font-variant-east-asian: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 11px; line-height: normal; font-family: Helvetica;"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: 'trebuchet ms', geneva, sans-serif;"><strong>Where?<span class="Apple-converted-space"> </span></strong></span></p> <p class="p1" style="margin: 0px; font-variant-numeric: normal; font-variant-east-asian: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 11px; line-height: normal; font-family: Helvetica;"><span style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: 'trebuchet ms', geneva, sans-serif;">We use our in-house <strong>digital platform NihaoCafe </strong>to help you connect with your teacher, review class notes, and schedule classes.<span class="Apple-converted-space"> </span></span></p> <p class="p1" style="margin: 0px; font-variant-numeric: normal; font-variant-east-asian: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 11px; line-height: normal; font-family: Helvetica; padding-left: 40px;"><span style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: 'trebuchet ms', geneva, sans-serif;">• Online Chinese Class content and teacher’s notes automatically get recorded into the system, so it’s easy to <strong>review your classes<span class="Apple-converted-space"> </span></strong></span></p> <p class="p1" style="margin: 0px; font-variant-numeric: normal; font-variant-east-asian: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 11px; line-height: normal; font-family: Helvetica; padding-left: 40px;"><span style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: 'trebuchet ms', geneva, sans-serif;">• There’s a huge teaching <strong>resource database</strong>, so you can prepare for your future online Chinese classes in advance<span class="Apple-converted-space"> </span></span></p> <p class="p1" style="margin: 0px; font-variant-numeric: normal; font-variant-east-asian: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 11px; line-height: normal; font-family: Helvetica; padding-left: 40px;"><span style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: 'trebuchet ms', geneva, sans-serif;">• There is an online course <strong>arrangement system </strong>that manages your booked Chinese classes – to guarantee that wherever you are, you and your teachers can stay informed about the online Mandarin class schedule and changes<span class="Apple-converted-space"> </span></span></p> <p class="p1" style="margin: 0px; font-variant-numeric: normal; font-variant-east-asian: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 11px; line-height: normal; font-family: Helvetica; padding-left: 40px;"><span style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: 'trebuchet ms', geneva, sans-serif;">• Teachers can also add their <strong>own courseware </strong>including webpages, PowerPoint presentations, videos, etc. into the system anytime<span class="Apple-converted-space"> </span></span></p> <p class="p2" style="margin: 0px; font-variant-numeric: normal; font-variant-east-asian: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 11px; line-height: normal; font-family: Helvetica; padding-left: 40px;"> </p> <p class="p1" style="margin: 0px; font-variant-numeric: normal; font-variant-east-asian: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 11px; line-height: normal; font-family: Helvetica; padding-left: 40px;"><span style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: 'trebuchet ms', geneva, sans-serif;">• Our professional <strong>IT team </strong>is online 24 hours a day, ready to solve any unexpected issues<span class="Apple-converted-space"> </span></span></p> <p class="p1" style="margin: 0px; font-variant-numeric: normal; font-variant-east-asian: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 11px; line-height: normal; font-family: Helvetica; padding-left: 40px;"> </p> <p class="p1" style="margin: 0px; font-variant-numeric: normal; font-variant-east-asian: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 11px; line-height: normal; font-family: Helvetica; padding-left: 40px;"> </p> <p class="p1" style="margin: 0px; font-variant-numeric: normal; font-variant-east-asian: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 11px; line-height: normal; font-family: Helvetica;"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: 'trebuchet ms', geneva, sans-serif;"><span class="Apple-converted-space"><strong>CONTACT</strong>:</span></span></p> <p class="p1" style="margin: 0px; font-variant-numeric: normal; font-variant-east-asian: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 11px; line-height: normal; font-family: Helvetica;"> </p> <p class="p1" style="margin: 0px; font-variant-numeric: normal; font-variant-east-asian: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 11px; line-height: normal; font-family: Helvetica;"><span style="font-family: 'trebuchet ms', geneva, sans-serif; font-size: 10pt;">Website: https://www.thatsmandarin.com<span class="Apple-converted-space"> </span></span></p> <p class="p1" style="margin: 0px; font-variant-numeric: normal; font-variant-east-asian: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 11px; line-height: normal; font-family: Helvetica;"><span style="font-family: 'trebuchet ms', geneva, sans-serif; font-size: 10pt;">Email: [email protected]<span class="Apple-converted-space"> </span></span></p> <p class="p1" style="margin: 0px; font-variant-numeric: normal; font-variant-east-asian: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 11px; line-height: normal; font-family: Helvetica;"> </p> <p class="p1" style="margin: 0px; font-variant-numeric: normal; font-variant-east-asian: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 11px; line-height: normal; font-family: Helvetica;"><span style="font-family: 'trebuchet ms', geneva, sans-serif; font-size: 10pt;">Phone: +86 10 8448 9799<span class="Apple-converted-space"> </span></span></p>

Manhattan Mandarin

<p>Manhattan Mandarin runs the Mandarin after-school programs at over 40 schools</p> <p>nationwide, including St. Bernard's, Chapin, Allen-Stevenson, and Buckley. Whether</p> <p>in schools, students' homes, in the office, online, or on our beloved China trips, our</p> <p>teachers and tutors have helped hundreds of students of all ages master the Mandarin</p> <p>language on their own unique paths to fluency. Our philosophy has always been to</p> <p>make private lessons and classes perfectly tailored for each individual student. We</p> <p>look forward to working with you.</p> <p>- Jamie Keyte, Founder</p>